In the News

Elimination diets effective for patients with eosinophilic esophagitis

A systematic review and meta-analysis of 34 studies found that a six-food elimination diet was not significantly better than less restrictive dietary regimens for histological remission and clinical symptom improvement.

Defensiveness may help explain limited uptake of FIT, Irish study finds

Patients who declined an invitation to fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) scored higher on a measure of defensive information processing, indicating that certain psychological approaches may be more likely to increase screening uptake.

Rates of pancreatic cancer rising, particularly among younger women

Among women ages 15 to 34 years, pancreatic cancer incidence rates rose by 6.45% per year in 2001 to 2018, according to a study using nationwide data covering about two-thirds of the U.S. population.

MKSAP Quiz: Incidentally discovered hepatic adenoma

This month's quiz asks readers to determine the most appropriate management for a 55-year-old patient with intermittent epigastric abdominal pain and a 4-cm lesion found in his left liver during gallbladder ultrasound.

Spotlight on the cost of gastroenteritis

Two industry-funded studies looked at the economic burden of acute infectious gastroenteritis among U.S. adults and found that use of large multiplex polymerase chain reaction panels was associated with similar costs as traditional workup.

Improving celiac disease diagnosis

Celiac disease should be a differential diagnosis in patients with several classic clinical presentations, but atypical symptoms, including constipation, can cause doctors to overlook some patients.

More tools available for treating IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not a new disorder, but understanding of its pathophysiology and treatment has greatly progressed over the years.

Stopping the cycle of C. diff

Microbiota therapies offer exciting potential to reduce the burden of recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection, experts say.

Cold vs. hot snare polypectomy for small polyps reduced risk for delayed bleeding events after procedure

An industry-funded randomized controlled trial at six sites in Taiwan found a lower delayed (14-day) bleeding rate with cold versus hot snare polypectomy among adults with colorectal polyps of 4 to 10 mm.

Adenoma detection rate inversely associated with postcolonoscopy colorectal cancer after FIT screening

A study of an Italian fecal immunochemical test (FIT)-based screening program found a 2.35-fold risk increase in postcolonoscopy colorectal cancer among patients treated by endoscopists with the lowest versus highest adenoma detection rate.

Is this patient a good candidate for bariatric surgery?

The Annals Consult Guys recently discussed the current indications for bariatric surgery, various bariatric procedures, and complication risk prediction.

Case reports published on gastroenterology, hepatology topics

Reports on hepatocellular carcinoma at initial cirrhosis diagnosis, asymptomatic celiac disease, and massive splenomegaly were published in the past month.