A systematic review and meta-analysis found that medications for alcohol use disorder (AUD) were associated with 32% more abstinence versus placebo or standard treatment in patients with alcohol-induced cirrhosis.
Findings from an industry-funded study showed that using dupilumab weekly, rather than every two weeks, improved symptoms in adults and adolescents with eosinophilic esophagitis.
A randomized trial in Korea found that patients with biliary obstruction who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were less likely to develop infection if they received antibiotics before the procedure.
One study found a higher adenoma detection rate in patients who underwent computer-aided detection compared to standard colonoscopy, while another found that artificial intelligence did not improve identification of advanced colorectal neoplasias.
Patients who were positive for Clostridioides difficile on nucleic acid amplification testing but negative on toxin immunoassay had similar 30-day mortality to those with positive results on both tests, according to a review of observational studies.
A 30-year-old nonverbal woman who had cerebral palsy and a chronic gastrostomy tube presented with nonbilious vomiting of tube feeds and abdominal pain.
The benefits of upadacitinib need to be weighed against individual patients' risk profiles, but the drug is an important step forward in treating Crohn disease, an ACP Journal Club commentary said.