About 84% of participants randomly assigned to receive rifabutin in addition to amoxicillin and omeprazole achieved Helicobacter pylori eradication, compared to 58% of those who received amoxicillin and omeprazole alone.
There was no significant difference in upper GI events between a pantoprazole group and a placebo group, although pantoprazole was associated with significantly reduced bleeding of gastroduodenal lesions, an industry-funded study found.
Thirty-day mortality was slightly lower among high-risk patients who underwent endoscopy for an acute upper GI bleed within 24 hours of a consult instead of within six hours, although the difference was not statistically significant.
Researchers at three Australian hospitals assigned patients with active ulcerative colitis to receive fecal microbiota transplant infusions from three to seven unrelated donors or placebo infusions.
Significantly more patients taking the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist had resolution of their nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) than those taking placebo, but rates of liver fibrosis improvement were similar between groups, an
A retrospective cohort study compared amoxicillin-clavulanate with metronidazole-fluoroquinolone and found no differences in outcomes including risks for inpatient admission or surgery, while Clostridioides difficile risk appeared higher in older
An analysis of participants in the Nurses' Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study found that more frequent bowel movements appear to be a risk factor for subsequent diverticulitis in both men and women.
The prevalence of any suspected liver fibrosis in patients with diabetes was 21% in a recent study, leading the authors to call for more aggressive screening in patients with obesity and diabetes.
Endoscopic ultrasonography should be used only if the diagnosis is in question after cross-sectional imaging, according to a guideline from the American College of Gastroenterology.
The increase primarily occurred among people who reported drug use or homelessness.