Patients with reflux symptoms and inadequate response to proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) discontinued the drugs for a week and then had their acid exposure time measured by a wireless pH capsule in a recent study.
Women have a significantly lower risk of developing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) but a higher risk of developing advanced fibrosis from NAFLD, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Although this study highlights a potential role of HPV status in the prognosis of esophageal adenocarcinoma, “the use of HPV as a predictive marker for treatment remains unproven,” an accompanying commentary
A randomized trial found that median length of hospital stay was 40.0 hours in the antibiotic group and 45.8 hours in the placebo group, with no significant between-group differences in adverse events or readmissions.
The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) continues to recommend colorectal cancer screening in average-risk adults ages 50 to 75 years but now also suggests it in those ages 45 to 49 years.
A retrospective cohort study looked at patients with cirrhosis who were enrolled in Medicare and had had more than four outpatient visits over 180 days.
Decompensation-free survival improved in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension who received beta-blockers versus placebo, largely due to a decrease in ascites.
A survey of internists showed that 79% inappropriately recommended stopping proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) in a prevention scenario focusing on high-risk upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
A randomized trial of three polyethylene glycol regimens found that more patients tolerated and were willing to repeat low-volume same-day or split-dose prep compared to high-volume split-dose regimens.
A case-control study found that patients who developed colon cancer, particularly in the proximal colon, were more likely to have taken antibiotics, whereas antibiotic use was not associated with increased risk of rectal cancer.