Search results for "Highlights"


 
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Review finds only two efficacious medications to treat gastroparesis

Clebopride ranked first for efficacy, followed by domperidone, and no other drug was superior to placebo for improving symptoms of gastroparesis, according to a recent meta-analysis.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2023/01/27/2.htm
27 Jan 2023

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ACP Gastroenterology Monthly delivers a monthly summary of news in gastroenterology and hepatology, including the latest research, clinical guidelines, and FDA drug actions.
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Healthy lifestyle may mitigate genetic risk for inflammatory bowel disease

In a cohort study, U.K. residents with high genetic risk for inflammatory bowel disease who met four or five lifestyle measures developed Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis at higher-than-average rates, but at about half the rate of those with both genetic risk and an unhealthy lifestyle.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2023/01/27/3.htm
27 Jan 2023

New guidance on diagnosis, management of acute hepatic porphyrias

These genetic errors of heme metabolism, although rare, appear to be more common than previously thought, and recent treatment advances have improved the outlook for patients with the diagnoses, according to the American Gastroenterological Association.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2023/01/27/1.htm
27 Jan 2023

Poor oral health associated with hospitalizations in outpatients with cirrhosis

Over three months, patients with cirrhosis hospitalized for nonelective reasons were more likely to be decompensated, with higher rates of minimal hepatic encephalopathy plus frailty and history of periodontitis.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2022/11/18/2.htm
18 Nov 2022

Single sigmoidoscopy significantly reduced long-term CRC incidence

A pooled analysis of four large randomized trials of sigmoidoscopy screening found a significant and sustained effect of a single performance of the test on colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality over 15 years of follow-up.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2022/10/28/3.htm
28 Oct 2022

In adults using oral anticoagulants, PPI use may be associated with lower risk for upper GI bleeding

An ACP Journal Club commentary on the meta-analysis stressed the importance of assessing patients' underlying risk for GI bleeding and using overall clinical risk to guide shared decision making in those at higher risk or with lower baseline bleeding tolerance.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2022/11/18/9.htm
18 Nov 2022

Patient-facing web platform helped identify those with higher colorectal cancer risk

A program that asked patients to enter their family health history identified more high-risk patients but didn't change rates of colorectal cancer screening or genetic counseling, a trial of U.S. veterans found.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2022/11/18/1.htm
18 Nov 2022

Patient beliefs associated with successful antibiotic treatment of appendicitis

A secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial found lower risk for appendectomy and higher likelihood of 30-day resolution of signs and symptoms among those who believed that antibiotics could be completely successful versus those who thought they would be unsuccessful or were unsure.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2022/10/28/2.htm
28 Oct 2022

Person-to-person transmission now more common source of hepatitis A in U.S. than food

An analysis of hepatitis outbreaks in 2016 to 2020, comprising 37,553 cases, found that 56% of patients reported drug use, 14% reported homelessness, 12% reported recent incarceration, and 3% reported recent international travel.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2022/10/28/1.htm
28 Oct 2022

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