The American College of Gastroenterology guideline addresses common clinical questions about management and provides guidance regarding when to refer for additional evaluation.
The trial randomly assigned patients with a history of at least one adenoma to receive 1,200 mg of elemental calcium per day, 1,000 IU of vitamin D3 per day, both supplements, or placebo for a treatment period of three to five years.
Prophylactic HCV treatment with direct-acting antivirals appears safe in noninfected kidney recipients
Researchers studied 10 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-negative recipients of 10 HCV-positive donor kidneys in an open-label, nonrandomized trial.
A double-blind trial compared the effectiveness of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate versus placebo for prevention of perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV), while another study examined postpartum disease flares of treatment-naïve mothers with chronic HBV.
One recent study used an iPad app to incorporate a decision aid for colorectal cancer screening, while another study looked at colonoscopy among U.S. veterans.
Primary first-line therapy for patients with symptomatic hemorrhoid disease should typically include dietary modification to ensure adequate fluid and fiber intake and counseling on defecation habits, the guidelines said.