Infliximab may have been used inappropriately in Crohn's disease and underused in ulcerative colitis, according to the authors of an analysis of hospitalizations, intestinal resections, and drug costs related to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
A Taiwanese nationwide cohort study of more than 10,000 patients with chronic hepatitis B showed a statistically significant 29% risk reduction for hepatocellular carcinoma in patients who received daily aspirin compared with matched controls.
Initiating screening at age 45 years would require an additional 10 million colonoscopies, which could potentially provide greater benefit if used instead to increase screening rates in older patients, authors of the modeling study said.
The therapy should be considered in patients with genotype 1 infection who are treatment-naive, do not have cirrhosis, and have a pretreatment viral load below 6,000,000 IU/mL, a study found.
Clarithromycin triple therapy should be used for first-line treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection only in patients with no history of macrolide exposure who live in areas where H. pylori resistance to clarithromycin is known to be low, among
Oral sulfasalazine, diazo-bonded 5-aminosalicylates (5-ASAs), mesalazine, controlled ileal-release budesonide, and budesonide multimatrix, alone or in combination with rectal 5-ASA therapy, were assessed for comparative efficacy and tolerability.
Three propensity-matched cohorts of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who had incident exposure to dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or apixaban were compared.
The drug was evaluated in three multicenter, phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials involving patients with moderately to severely active disease.
Endoscopic eradication therapy plus reflux control associated with decreased Barrett's recurrence rates
Standard reflux management protocol involved initial consultation that emphasized reflux control and proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) adherence, initiation or continuation of PPI therapy as described, medication reconciliation and assessment or
For postexposure prophylaxis, the hepatitis A vaccine is now preferred to immune globulin for all adults, including those older than 40 years of age, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) said.