Search results for "Highlights"


 
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Hepatitis A infections nearly triple, with some states seeing 5-fold increase, CDC says

The increase primarily occurred among people who reported drug use or homelessness.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2019/05/24/2.htm
24 May 2019

Antibiotics may be associated with colon cancer risk in dose-dependent fashion

A case-control study found that patients who developed colon cancer, particularly in the proximal colon, were more likely to have taken antibiotics, whereas antibiotic use was not associated with increased risk of rectal cancer.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2019/08/23/2.htm
23 Aug 2019

Efficacy, safety of second-line therapies analyzed for two types of IBS

A systematic review and network meta-analysis focused on alosetron, eluxadoline, ramosetron, and rifaximin in adult patients who had irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with diarrhea or mixed stool.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2019/04/26/2.htm
26 Apr 2019

Safe to stop 5-ASA therapy for Crohn's disease when anti-TNF agent is started, study finds

A retrospective trial showed no increase in new corticosteroid therapy or disease-related hospitalization or surgery among patients who discontinued 5-aminosalycilate (5-ASA) therapy when initiating an anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agent.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2019/08/23/3.htm
23 Aug 2019

Two-year results show continued benefit of phone or web CBT for refractory IBS

Patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) who had been randomized to receive remote cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) had lower symptom severity scores than those who had received usual care, according to follow-up data from a British trial.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2019/09/27/3.htm
27 Sep 2019

Weight loss interventions may improve biomarkers of liver disease in NAFLD

In a meta-analysis of 22 studies in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), weight loss interventions were associated with improvements in alanine aminotransferase level, liver steatosis, histologic NAFLD activity score, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2019/07/26/3.htm
26 Jul 2019

Beta-blockers linked to better outcomes in some patients with cirrhosis

Decompensation-free survival improved in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension who received beta-blockers versus placebo, largely due to a decrease in ascites.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2019/04/26/3.htm
26 Apr 2019

Study finds higher proportion of CRC diagnoses in patients under 50 since 2004

Based on the results, study authors suggested expanding colorectal cancer (CRC) screening to patients 45 years of age, but an accompanying editorial expressed concern that the risks could outweigh the benefits in the general population.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2019/07/26/2.htm
26 Jul 2019

Sodium polystyrene sulfonate associated with GI events requiring hospitalization in elderly

An accompanying editorial said that based on the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) events found in this retrospective study, sodium polystyrene sulfonate should not be used to reduce serum potassium levels.
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2019/06/28/2.htm
28 Jun 2019

Anti-TNF therapy did not reduce IBD hospitalizations or intestinal resections in Ontario

Infliximab may have been used inappropriately in Crohn's disease and underused in ulcerative colitis, according to the authors of an analysis of hospitalizations, intestinal resections, and drug costs related to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
https://gastroenterology.acponline.org/archives/2019/06/28/3.htm
28 Jun 2019

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